For sale by sa14 Sep 12:54 pmKolonnawa, Colombo
Home visiting/Individual/group classes
Kollonnawa/IDH/Rajagiriya and suburbs
Why The class is different to others
Excellent teaching with utmost care
Excellent simple explanations
Special Attention to weak Students
Introduction to Conjunctions
We can consider conjunctions from three aspects.
1. What do Conjunctions Do?
Conjunctions have two basic functions or "jobs":
Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two parts of a sentence that are grammatically equal. The two parts may be single words or clauses, for example:
- Jack and Jill went up the hill.
- The water was warm, but I didn't go swimming.
Subordinating conjunctions are used to join a subordinate dependent clause to a main clause, for example:
- I went swimming although it was cold.
Here are some example conjunctions:
Coordinating conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions
and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so although, because, since, unless
2. What do Conjunctions Look Like?
Conjunctions have three basic formats:
for example: and, but, because, although
compound (often ending with as or that)
for example: provided that, as long as, in order that
correlative (surrounding an adverb or adjective)
for example: so...that
3. Where do Conjunctions Go?
Coordinating conjunctions always come between the words or clauses that they join.
Subordinating conjunctions usually come at the beginning of the subordinate clause.
#The following quantifiers will work with count nouns:
a few trees
a couple of trees
none of the trees
#The following quantifiers will work with non-count nouns:
not much dancing
a little dancing
a bit of dancing
a good deal of dancing
a great deal of dancing
#The following quantifiers will work with both count and non-count nouns:
all of the trees/dancing
most of the trees/dancing
a lot of trees/dancing
lots of trees/dancing
plenty of trees/dancing
a lack of trees/dancing
In formal academic writing, it is usually better to use many and much rather than phrases such as a lot of, lots of and plenty of.
There is an important difference between "a little" and "little" (used with non-count words) and between "a few" and "few" (used with count words). If I say that Tashonda has a little experience in management that means that although Tashonda is no great expert she does have some experience and that experience might well be enough for our purposes. If I say that Tashonda has little experience in management that means that she doesn't have enough experience. If I say that Charlie owns a few books on Latin American literature that means that he has some some books — not a lot of books, but probably enough for our purposes. If I say that Charlie owns few books on Latin American literature, that means he doesn't have enough for our purposes and we'd better go to the library.
Unless it is combined with of, the quantifier "much" is reserved for questions and negative statements:
Much of the snow has already melted.
How much snow fell yesterday?
Note that the quantifier "most of the" must include the definite article the when it modifies a specific noun, whether it's a count or a non-count noun: "most of the instructors at this college have a doctorate"; "most of the water has evaporated." With a general plural noun, however (when you are not referring to a specific entity), the "of the" is dropped:
Most colleges have their own admissions policy.
Most students apply to several colleges.
Authority for this last paragraph: The Scott, Foresman Handbook for Writers by Maxine Hairston and John J. Ruszkiewicz. 4th ed. HarperCollins: New York. 1996. Examples our own.
An indefinite article is sometimes used in conjunction with the quantifier many, thus joining a plural quantifier with a singular noun (which then takes a singular verb):
Many a young man has fallen in love with her golden hair.
Many an apple has fallen by October.
This construction lends itself to a somewhat literary effect (some would say a stuffy or archaic effect) and is best used sparingly, if at all.
QuizBasic Quiz on Choosing Quantifiers
QuizQuiz on Quantifiers
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